How To Give Your Child Relief to Skin Problems

CONDITION DESCRIPTION CAUSE TREATMENT
Acne raised, red pustules blocked pores Don’t squeeze or pick acne. Keep the affected area clean. Check with a doctor before treating a young child. Teenagers should use a benzoyl peroxide solution.
Impetigo fluid-filled bumps that erupt to form an itchy crust bacteria After washing the affected area, apply an antimicrobial cream prescribed by your child’s doctor.
Cradle Cap greasy, yellow crust that appears on a child’s scalp and behind the ears scalp cells and oily sebum Apply baby or mineral oil to the affected area to loosen crust before shampooing. Gently shampoo scalp daily.
Eczema blemishes/skin eruptions irritants and affecting face, head, shoulders, allergens arms or legs; intensely itchy bumps or blisters may erupt and later ooze and become crusty and scaly This condition is hard to cure. Treatment is geared to relieving the itching and pain. See your child’s doctor for the best treatment options.
Rash,
Diaper
inflammation of the skin around the buttocks and genitalia yeast, bacteria Keep the affected area clean and dry, letting air reach the rash. An antifungal cream or antibiotic may be prescribed. Change your child’s diapers frequently. Use loose-fitting, cotton diapers. Bathe your child daily.
Rash,
Heat
clusters of tiny blisters in the skin folds of the upper neck and back overheating Dress your child in light, breathable (cotton) clothing, and keep him or her out of the heat. Limit the use of greasy oils or lotions. If a fever or rash appears, or if the rash is not better in three to four days, see your child’s doctor.
Rash,
Poison Ivy/Oak/
Sumac
red, intensely itchy rash with oozing blisters oil from plants For an extensive rash, see your child’s doctor for oral medications. Use calamine lotion until the blisters burst, then cover them with sterile gauze, dampened in a solution of one tablespoon baking soda to a quart of water.
Sunburn reddening and blistering of the skin, sometimes accompanied by a fever overexposure to sunlight Apply cool compresses to the affected area. Use acetaminophen for pain. Apply moisturizing lotion to the burned area. Have your child drink lots of fluids. Call your child’s doctor if there’s severe blistering, fever, dizziness or confusion.
Warts small, firm bumps on exposed areas and hands and feet virus Warts can be removed by surgical procedure, sanding with pumice stone or by using over-the-counter wart treatments. Warts are very common in children, and they may disappear with no treatment.
Bites and Stings, Insects painful, itchy, red and swollen bumps mosquitoes, fleas, bees, wasps, ants Use medicated cream, cool baths and antihistamines to relieve the pain and itching. Bites and stings may cause infection and scarring. For stings, remove the stinger, cleanse the stung area and apply cold compresses. Stings may cause anaphylactic shock (drop in blood pressure and difficulty breathing) in some individuals. If this occurs, get your child medical attention immediately.
Bites and Stings, Spiders (poisonous) gradual redness and swelling worsening over time, chills, fever, vomiting, sweating, nausea, tightness in the chest and difficulty breathing black widow spider, brown recluse spider Keep the area of the bite lower than your child’s heart. Apply ice packs or cold compresses to the bite. Get your child immediate medical attention. If possible, safely trap the insect so it can be identified. Be reassuring to avoid exciting your child.

 

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