Understending Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is one of the most readily cured types of cancer when detected in its early stages. It’s also a very rare cancer. However, it’s one of the most common cancers found in young males.

Men who had one or both testicles fail to descend from the abdominal cavity into the scrotum prior to birth, and men with a family history of inguinal hernia during childhood or testicular inflammation in conjunction with the mumps, are at greatest risk for developing this cancer. Although there’s no way to prevent testicular cancer, monthly self-examinations can detect this cancer early so it can be successfully treated.


  • a firm, painless lump in one of the testicles
  • a feeling of heaviness or hardness in a testicle
  • testicle pain
  • breast growth or nipple tenderness
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • abdominal or back pain
  • fatigue
  • weight loss


To determine if the lump or swelling is cancerous, a biopsy is done. A small sample of tissue is removed and examined. If cancer is present, surgical removal of the diseased testicle is the treatment. Since the testicles are not connected by lymphatic tissue, the cancer is unlikely to spread from one testicle to another. Surgery will only remove one testicle, most often leaving fertility and potency intact. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy and removal of nearby lymph nodes may also be done to further treat the cancer.

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