Generic name: Dexamethasone sodium phosphate.
Other brand names: Dexacort.
Decadron Turbinaire and Respihaler is an adrenocorti-costeroid/anti-asthmatic/anti-inflammatory. It works by stimulating the synthesis of enzymes needed to decrease the inflammatory response.
Quick Facts About Decadron Turbinaire and Respihaler
Used to treat hay fever and other nasal allergies, and to treat nasal polyps. Respihaler is used to treat bronchial asthma.
Decadron Turbinaire and Respihaler Dosage
Take exactly as prescribed, carefully follow directions for use. Dosage is gradually reduced once symptoms start to disappear, and stopped as soon as possible. Oral steroid medications should be reduced or stopped before Respihaler dosage is reduced.
- Usual adult dose: Turbinaire — 2 sprays in each nostril 2 or 3 times per day, not to exceed 12 sprays per day. Respihaler — 3 inhalations 3 or 4 times per day, not to exceed 3 inhalations per dose, 12 inhalations per day.
- Usual child dose (6 to 12 years): Turbinaire — 1 or 2 sprays in each nostril 2 times per day, not to exceed 8 sprays per day. Respihaler — 2 inhalations 3 or 4 times per day, not to exceed 8 inhalations per day.
- Missed dose: take as soon as possible, unless time for next dose. In that case, take remaining doses for the day at equally spaced intervals. Do not double doses.
Decadron Turbinaire and Respihaler Side Effects
in rare cases poisoning and death occur following steroid overdose. If you suspect an overdose, immediately seek medical attention.
More common side effects: Turbinaire — nasal dryness, nasal irritation. Respihaler — coughing, fungal infections in the throat, hoarseness, throat irritation.
Less common Decadron Turbinaire and Respihaler side effects: Turbinaire — bronchial asthma, headache, hives, light-headedness, loss of smell, nausea, nosebleeds, perforated nasal septum, rebound nasal congestion, throat discomfort. Side effects when Decadron is absorbed into the bloodstream: abdominal distension, abnormal skin redness, allergic skin reactions, blood clots, cataracts, congestive heart failure, convulsions, development of Cushing’s syndrome (moon face, weight gain, high blood pressure, emotional disturbances, growth of facial hair in women), diabetes, dizziness, emotional disturbances, excessive hairiness, fractures of the vertebrae, fragile skin, glaucoma, headache, hiccups, high blood pressure, hives, increased appetite, increased eye pressure, increased pressure in the head, increased sweating, loss of muscle mass, menstrual irregularities, muscle diseases resulting from steroid use, muscle weakness, nausea, osteoporosis, perforated small or large bowel, poor wound healing, potassium loss, protruding eyeballs, reddish or purplish spots on the skin, ruptured tendons, salt and fluid retention, stomach ulcer, vague feeling of weakness, weight gain.
Do not get a smallpox vaccination while taking Decadron.
Inform your doctor before combining Decadron Turbinaire and Respihaler with:
No known food/other substance interactions.
If pregnant or planning to become pregnant, inform your doctor immediately. Adrenal problems may occur in infants whose mothers take corticosteroids during pregnancy. Corticosteroids appear in breast milk and can suppress growth in infants.
No special precautions apply to seniors.
Follow doctor’s instructions carefully for children. Not recommended for children under 6 years. Can affect growth and development of children.
- Do not use if you have a fungal infection, or are sensitive to or allergic to the ingredients in Decadron.
- Stop if you develop an infection of the voice box; immediately notify your doctor.
- Inform your doctor before taking Decadron if you have: cirrhosis, diverticulitis, high blood pressure, kidney disease, myasthenia gravis, osteoporosis, peptic ulcer, recent heart attack, tuberculosis, ulcerative colitis, underactive thyroid.
- Should be used for asthma when bronchodilators or other medications are not effective. Not for rapid relief.
- May experience lowered resistance to infections, or may mask the signs of infection. Immediately inform your doctor if exposed to measles or chicken pox, can be serious or fetal in adults.
- May alter your body’s reaction to unusual stress; higher dosage may be prescribed by your doctor.
- Dormant tuberculosis may be activated by Decadron. Your doctor should prescribe anti-tuberculosis medication if taking Decadron for a prolonged period.
- After Decadron therapy ends, may experience withdrawal symptoms such as fever, muscle or joint pain, and a feeling of illness.
- Can alter male fertility.
- May cause or aggravate existing emotional problems; notify your doctor if you experience mood changes.
- Inform your doctor of recent trips to the tropics as well as any diarrhea.
- If used for prolonged period, may cause cataracts, glaucoma, and eye infections.
- Monitor for: increase in salt and water retention, increase in potassium loss, raised blood pressure.
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