Generic name: Estazolam.

ProSom is a benzodiazepine sedative. It selectively reduces the activity of certain brain chemicals.

Quick Facts About ProSom


Used to treat insomnia on a short-term basis. Insomnia may include; difficulty falling asleep, frequently waking up during the night, or waking too early in the morning.

ProSom Dosage

Take exactly as prescribed, usually at bedtime. Do not suddenly stop taking ProSom if you have a history of seizures; follow doctor’s instructions for gradual lytapering off medication. Also if you have no history of seizures, gradually taper off medication per doctor’s instructions.

  • Usual adult dose: 1 milligram at bedtime; some may require 2 milligrams. For seniors, physically run-down individuals, those with kidney or liver problems, or breathing problems — 0.5 to 1 milligram (1/2 to 1 tablet).
  • Usual child dose: not generally prescribed for children.
  • Missed dose: only take at bedtime as needed. Not necessary to make up missed doses.

ProSom Side Effects

Overdose symptoms:

confusion, depressed breathing, drowsiness and eventually coma, lack of coordination, slurred speech. If you suspect an overdose, immediately seek medical attention.

More common side effects: abnormal coordination, cold symptoms, decreased movement or activity, dizziness, general feeling of illness, hangover, headache, leg and foot pain, nausea, nervousness, sleepiness, weakness.

Less common or rare ProSom side effects: abnormal pain, abnormal dreaming, abnormal thinking, abnormal vision, acne, agitation, allergic reaction, altered taste, anxiety, apathy, arm and hand pain, arthritis, asthma, back pain, black stools, body pain, chest pain, chills, confusion, constant involuntary eye movement, constipation, cough, decreased appetite, decreased hearing, decreased reflexes, depression, difficult or labored breathing, double vision, dry mouth, dry skin, ear pain, emotional changeability, fainting, fever, flushing, frequent urination, gas, hallucinations, hostility, inability to hold urine, inability to urinate, increased appetite, indigestion, inflamed sinuses, itching, lack of coordination, little or no urine flow, loss of memory, menstrual cramps, muscle stiffness, nasal inflammation, neck pain, nighttime urination, nosebleed, numbness or tingling around mouth, purple or reddish skin spots, rapid and/or heavy breathing, rash, ringing in ears, seizure, sleep problems, sore throat, stupor, swollen breast, thirst, throbbing or fluttering heartbeat, tingling or pins and needles, tremor, twitch, urgency to urinate, vaginal discharge or itching, vomiting, weight gain or loss.


Inform your doctor before combining ProSom with:

anticonvulsants such as Dilantin, Tegretol, and Depakene; antihistamines such as Benadryl and Chlor-Trimeton; antipsychotics such as Haldol and Mellaril barbiturates such as phenobarbital; MAO inhibitors such as Nardil and Parnate; narcotics such as Percodan and Tylox; tranquilizers such as Valium ane Xanax; or any other medication that slows the central nervous system.

Do not drink alcohol during ProSom therapy; may make you comatose or dangerously slow your breathing.

Special Cautions

Do not take if pregnant; may cause birth defects. If taking ProSom or a similar medication just before birth, you may deliver a baby that has poor muscle tone and experiences withdrawal symptoms. If pregnant or planning to become pregnant, inform your doctor immediately, is believed to appear in breast milk; could affect a nursing infant.

Seniors should use with caution, may require lower dose.

Not generally prescribed for children.

  • Do not take if sensitive to or allergic to ProSom or other Valium-type medications.
  • May cause drowsiness and impair your ability to drive a car or operate machinery. Do not take pain any activity that requires alertness.
  • Due to potential addictiveness of ProSom, should be prescribed for short-term therapy.
  • Even after shortterm therapy, may experience withdrawal symptoms after discontinuing medication. Withdrawal symptoms may include: mild and temporary insomnia; irritability; and, less frequently, abdominal and muscle cramps, convulsions, sweating, tremors, and vomiting.

Note: provides accurate and independent information prescription pills, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. If you have questions about  dosage, or ProSom side effects, please contact your healthcare provider