Generic name: Albuterol sulfate.
Other brand names: Proventil Syrup/Inhaler/ Repetabs; Ventolin Syrup/Inhalation Aerosol/Tablets; Volmax Extended Release Tablets.
Proventil is a bronchodilator. It acts on the muscles of the bronchi (breathing tubes) to relieve bronchospasms, thereby allowing air to move freely to and from the lungs.
Quick Facts About Proventil
Used to relieve wheezing and shortness of breath associated with asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema. Also used to prevent bronchial spasm due to exercise.
Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully. To avoid stomach irritation, take tablets and oral syrup with food, unless your doctor directs otherwise. Proventil inhaler should not be used with other aerosol bronchodilators. Do not exceed your doctor’s recommended dose; con be dangerous and may worsen asthma symptoms. Do not change brands without consulting your doctor.
- Usual adult dose: inhalation aerosol — Ventolin and Proventil for sudden or severe bronchial spasm, or prevention of asthma symptoms — 2 inhalations every 4 to 6 hours. For exercise-induced bronchial spasm — 2 inhalations 15 minutes prior to exercise. Tablets — 2 or 4 milligrams taken 3 to 4 times per day. Syrup — 1 or 2 teaspoonfuls 3 or 4 times per day. Ventolin Rotocaps for inhalation — contents of one 200-microgram capsule inhaled every 4 to 6 hours using Rotahaler inhalation device. Inhalation solution — 2.5 milligrams taken 3 to 4 times per day by nebulization. (Dilute 0.5 milliliter of the solution for inhalation with 2.5 milliliters of sterile normal saline solution.) Ventolin nebules inhalation solution — 2.5 milligrams taken 3 or 4 times per day by nebulization. Proventil Repetabs arte Volmax extended release tablets — 8 milligrams every 12 hours. Seniors — 2 milligrams taken 3 or 4 times per day for tablet or syrup form. If prescribed dose does not relieve or worsens symptoms, immediately contact your doctor. Now comes in aerosol-meterec form.
- Usual child dose: inhalation aerosol — for children under age 12 Provenil is prescribed by your doctor; for children 12 years and older, adult dose is prescribed Ventolin is not prescribed for children under age 4; for children 4 years and older, adult dose is prescribed. Tablets — 2 milligrams taken 3 or 4 times per day for children 6 to 12 years. Syrup — 1 teaspoonfir taken 3 to 4 times per day for children 6 to 14 years. For children 2 to 6 years — 0.1 milligram per 2.2 pounds of body weight, up to 4 milligrams taken 3 times per day. If prescribed dose does not relieve or worsens symptoms, immediately contact your doctor.
- Missed dose: take forgotten dose as soon as possible; take remaining doses for that day at equally spaced intervals. Do not double doses.
Proventil Side Effects
high blood pressure, low potassium level, radiating chest pain, rapid heartbeat, seizures. If you suspect an overdose, immediately seek medical attention.
More common side effects: aggression, anxiety, cough, diarrhea, dizziness, excitement, general bodily discomfort, headache, heartburn, increased appetite, increased blood pressure, indigestion, irritability, labored breathing, light-headedness, muscle cramps, nausea, nervousness, nightmares, nosebleed, overactivity, palpitations, rapid heartbeat, rash, ringing in the ears, shakiness, sleeplessness, stomachache, stuffy nose, throat irritation, tooth discoloration, tremors, vomiting, wheezing, worsening broncho-spasm.
Less common Proventil side effects: chest pain (sometimes crushing) or discomfort, difficulty urinating, drowsiness, dry mouth and throat, flushing, high blood pressure, muscle spasm, restlessness, sweating, unusual taste, vertigo, weakness. Rare side effects from inhaler: hoarseness, increased breathing or wheezing, skin rash or hives, unusual and unexpected swelling of mouth and throat.
Inform your doctor before combining Proventil with:
antidepressants such as Elavil and Nardil; beta-blockers (heart and blood pressure medications such as Inderal, Tenormin, and Sectral); medications similar to Proventil such as Alupent, Brethaire, Isuprel, and epinephrine.
No known food/other substance interactions.
If pregnant or planning to become pregnant, inform your doctor immediately. Not known whether Proventil appears in breast milk.
Seniors are more sensitive to the side effects. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully, and report any side effects immediately.
Proventil and Volmax are not generally prescribed for children under the age of 12; Ventolin is not generally prescribed for children under the age of 4.
- If sensitive to or allergic to this medication or similar medications, should not take.
- Notify your doctor before using Proventil if you have: cardiovascular or convulsive disorder, high-blood pressure, abnormal heartbeat, overactive thyroid gland, diabetes, epilepsy, enlarged prostate, or glaucoma.
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