Colorectal cancer ranks second to lung cancer in cancer-related deaths. It can occur in any part of the large intestine, which consists of the colon and rectum. Ninety percent of colorectal cancers occur in people over the age of 40.
KNOW THE RISK FACTORS
- having a family history of colorectal cancer before age 50
- having polyps in the colon
- having a history of inflammatory bowel disease
- eating a high-fat diet
- eating a diet low in fiber
SYMPTOMS OF COLORECTAL CANCER
- change in bowel movements (diarrhea or constipation)
- weight loss
- chronic weakness or fatigue
- rectal bleeding
- lower abdominal pain or bloating
- any change in the size and shape of your stool
HOW TO REDUCE YOUR RISK
- Eat a healthy diet high in fiber and low in fat.
- Get plenty of exercise.
- After age 50, have a sigmoidscopic examination performed every three years and a stool test for blood each year.